Twilight Tear

A Brief History

78th Fighter Group

The 78th Fighter Group was activated in 1942. It initially trained for combat with P-38's and served as part of the west coast air defense organization. Eventually, it moved to England in November 1942 and was assigned to Eighth Air Force.

The group was assigned to Duxford Aerodrome in April 1943 and equipped with P-47s.The group consisted of the 82d Fighter Squadron (MX), 83d Fighter Squadron (HL), and the 84th Fighter Squadron (WZ)

From Duxford, the 78th flew many missions to escort B-17/B-24bombers that attacked various targets throughout Europe. The unit also engaged in counter-air activities and on numerous occasions strafed and dive-bombed airfields, trains, vehicles, barges, tugs, canal locks, barracks, and troops.

In addition to other operations, the 78th participated in the intensive campaign against the German Air Force and aircraft industry during Big Week, February 20-25th 1944 and helped to pave the way for the invasion of France. The group supported the landings in Normandy in June 1944 and contributed to the breakthrough at Saint-L˘ in July 1944.

The group converted to P-51 Mustangs in December 1944 and participated in the Battle of the Bulge, December 1944 - January 1945. During this time the Mustang supported the airborne assault across the Rhine in March.

The 78th Fighter Group received a Distinguished Unit Citation for activities connected with the airborne attack on Holland in September 1944 when the group covered troop carrier and bombardment operations and carried out strafing and dive-bombing missions. The group received a second Distinguished Unit Citation for destroying numerous aircraft on five airfields near Prague and Pilsen on 16 April 1945.

Duxford Aerodrome, still exists today and has been beautifully restored to its WWII grandeur. The airfield is owned jointly by the Imperial War Museum (IWM) and Cambridgeshire County Council. It is the site of the Imperial War Museum Duxford and the American Air Museum.

 

Specifications

Engine
- Enginre - rolls-Royce/Packard V-1650-7
1490 hp
War Emergency Horsepower - 1720 hp


Weight
Empty - 7100 lbs.
Loaded Weight
11,600 lbs.

Dimensions
Wingspan:- 37 ft '
Propeller Diameter: - 11' 2 "

Armament

(6) 0.50 caliber M2 Browning Machine Guns
(2) 1000 lb Bombs